|This article is about the group that secretly controlled the United States, which was also known as Cipher. You may be looking for the Patriot assault rifle wielded by The Boss, Patriot founder Zero (Cipher), or the unmanned aerial vehicle, Cypher.
- "Politics, the military, the economy, they control it all. They even choose who becomes President. Putting it simply, the Patriots rule this country."
- ―James Johnson
The Patriots, also known as the La-li-lu-le-lo, and formerly known as Cipher, were a secret organization that, by the early 1990s, covertly controlled the United States of America. America's economy, information, and material distribution all fell under their control, with even the President serving as their puppet.
The Patriots were initially formed to fulfill the ideal of a unified world that was envisioned by the legendary soldier The Boss. However, various schisms and changes in leadership over the decades would obscure this goal, and the group later sought to bring the entire world under its dominion.
The group that would come to be known as the "Patriots" originated in 1970, formed from the reorganization of the American Philosophers, using funds contained within the Philosophers' Legacy. Zero, the head of CIA Special Forces unit FOX, founded the new organization to carry on the wishes of legendary hero The Boss, after acquiring control of the Legacy with the aid of former Philosophers agent Ocelot.
|Warning: The following information is from outside Hideo Kojima's core "Metal Gear Saga." Its canonicity within the continuity is disputed, therefore reader discretion is advised.[?]
The Legacy was stolen from the CIA Director by Ocelot, under Zero's orders, at the climax of the San Hieronymo Incident. After ambushing the Director, Ocelot proclaimed that he was going to end the Philosophers and take back what they had stolen, carrying on "the spirit of the true patriot," as part of a plan to make the world The Boss had envisioned a reality. Ocelot then executed the Director in a way that looked like a suicide. Zero later contacted Ocelot and invited him to form part of his new organization, who agreed under the condition that Big Boss join them as well.
|Non-"Metal Gear Saga" information ends here.
Zero recruited Big Boss and Ocelot into the organization, along with two FOX comrades (Sigint and Para-Medic) and former Chinese Philosophers' agent EVA. In essence, the six founding members were all directly influenced by The Boss, and all were directly involved in Operation Snake Eater, either as field operatives or mission support. The organization's goal was to achieve a unity of thought and awareness, believing this to be The Boss's wish of a world made whole, following the cycle of destructive conflicts engineered by the various branches of the Philosophers.
Zero used his influence to turn Big Boss into an idol-like figure for the world to follow, though Big Boss grew to resent this puppet-like role. The views of the two men also began to differ, in regards to the interpretation of The Boss's will: Zero took the concept to mean control of the entire world by a group under a single will to ensure unification; Big Boss believed that The Boss wanted a world where soldiers would not be used as tools of the government.
Les Enfants Terribles
Tensions between Big Boss and Zero continued to grow. Afraid of losing their idol, Zero carried out a secret project known as "Les Enfants Terribles", in which Para-Medic would use Big Boss's DNA to create a number of clones. With EVA serving as the surrogate mother, Solid Snake and Liquid Snake were born (a third son would be born at a later date).[note 1] However, this proved to be the final straw between Big Boss and Zero, and the former left the organization with a determination to oppose them and later formed his own mercenary group in an attempt to carry out his vision of The Boss's dying wish.
After Big Boss left, EVA did too but Ocelot remained a spy for them to keep an eye on the organization for EVA. Zero, Para-Medic, and Sigint stayed with the organization and became increasingly power hungry. Para-Medic became a morally corrupt doctor as the head of FOXHOUND's medical staff and chief geneticist, organizing and developing their genetic research programs. Even though military-based genetic therapy was banned under international law, they were able to get away with it secretly because the laws in question were simply declarations and not actual treaties. Sigint would abuse his position in DARPA by accepting bribes and would participate in the development of AIs. Zero would start to accumulate more wealth and information as his words would start to influence decision-making all the way up to the Oval Office. But he was also hopeful (at the time) that his former friend would rejoin the group in time. In addition, they also started work in converting a United States Naval Base on the southern tip of Cuba into a black site to torture various POWs constantly, and Zero himself went into hiding as a result of Big Boss leaving due to Les Enfants Terribles, issuing orders to his agents via proxies.
- Main article: Peace Walker Incident
By 1974, the organization had adopted the name of "Cipher." During the Peace Walker Incident, Cipher recruited Pacifica Ocean to act as a triple agent within the CIA and KGB. Through Pacifica, they had KGB operative Vladimir Zadornov provide money and technology for Hot Coldman's Peace Walker Project, and the training for his rogue CIA unit, Peace Sentinel. Pacifica met Zero in person in order to make contact with Big Boss, making her one of the few to directly meet with the organization's reclusive leader, and thus have some awareness of his location. Cipher also contacted Kazuhira Miller with a business proposal to help expand Big Boss's Militaires Sans Frontières, and to have them unknowingly participate in the project.
Following the large military expansion of MSF and its defeat of Coldman, Cipher ordered Pacifica to hijack the newly constructed Metal Gear ZEKE and offer Big Boss the chance to serve the organization, also proclaiming that ZEKE was "Cipher's creation." Cipher intended that the MSF act as a deterrent against enemy forces while it steadily increased its own power, which had been the true purpose of the Peace Walker project. After Big Boss's refusal, Pacifica, under Cipher's orders, intended to frame the MSF as an extremist cult by using ZEKE to launch a nuclear warhead at the United States, of which Miller had been unaware. Ultimately, this plot failed when the MSF damaged ZEKE and prevented the nuclear strike, though Cipher intended to use Les Enfants Terribles as a future insurance policy.
Meanwhile, Cipher intended to garner control of the NSA, CSS, NRO, and DIA, uniting them under a single will to prepare for the upcoming age of electronic intelligence. They also adopted Hot Coldman's beliefs regarding the rule of machines over humanity and would use the data from the Peace Walker Project to develop an advanced AI network.
- Main article: Ground Zeroes Incident
Following the Peace Walker Incident, Cipher had a close call when the Joint Chiefs of Staff grew suspicious of a U.S. naval facility being converted into a black site, as well as MSF uncovering evidence of it since December 3, 1974. Cipher was also known by the JCS, and had a rivalry with it to such an extent that the latter group hired MSF to retrieve incriminating information on the base. Around this time, they also captured an MSF Intel Team agent and interrogated him until he was rescued by Big Boss during a mission to sabotage the base's AA turrets. The prisoner, when rescued, revealed that Cipher also intended to create a HUMINT network without borders, and were using several methods to coerce foreign leaders into submitting to their will, including blackmail on backdoor money, scandals, and financial fraud. Cipher was also sending dissidents who defected to the West back to the East via various deals with the base acting as a layover point, and the prisoner implied when he was rescued by Big Boss that Cipher had secret dealings with the Pakistani ISI, the British MI6, the West German BND, and even a Soviet intelligence agency. Cipher then had the place bombed, also wiping out the MAGTF dispatched to suppress the black site, although MSF nonetheless suspected Cipher's involvement in the aftermath.
Cipher eventually discovered that Paz had survived her encounter with Big Boss. Suspecting that her integrity as an agent had been compromised, they had her detained at the U.S. military base in Cuba, which was being used as a detention facility for "enemies of the state." Cipher also leaked information to the United Nations to provoke an inspection of MSF by the IAEA, officially due to their purchase of nuclear fuel from Uzbekistan. MSF reluctantly allowed the inspection after Huey Emmerich accepted the request, and intended to conceal Metal Gear ZEKE when it took place. Meanwhile, Big Boss would retrieve Paz from the U.S. facility to obtain more intelligence on Cipher, as she was MSF's only viable link to them.
The nuclear inspection turned out to be a smokescreen for an attack by Cipher's strike force XOF, which plotted to assault and destroy MSF's Mother Base in the Caribbean. The attack proved successful, resulting in severe casualties on MSF's end and the destruction of Mother Base, with Big Boss himself eventually falling into a coma. Following this, XOF's commander Skull Face used the information gained from Paz's earlier interrogation to hunt down his "boss" Zero, for reasons relating to revenge. Once he tracked down Zero's location he infected him with a parasite which over time destroyed all of his cognitive functions. Due to his declining health Zero sought to put in place a system which would govern Cipher for years to come so with his immense amount of money (and Sigint's assistance), he commissioned the creation of computer AIs (TJ, TR, AL, and GW) with a fifth head AI that would control the world, even after his eventual death. The idea was to ultimately create a unified world state by using the system to make economics and politics uniform and devoid of free will, in an attempt to erase individuality, an ideology born from a misinterpretation of The Boss's will and his own megalomaniacal desire for total control.
After awakening from his coma in 1984, Venom Snake was informed by Ocelot that Cipher was conducting research on a new weapons system, which had the potential to surpass Metal Gear. To further investigate this rumor, Venom Snake performed several missions in Afghanistan in order to discover the current whereabouts of Cipher, and eventually caught a break when Huey Emmerich contacted Diamond Dogs wanting to defect from XOF. Unbeknownst to the Diamond Dogs, Skull Face had seized control of Cipher from Zero after infecting him with a parasitic worm, leaving his former commander in a vegetative state. After the death of Skull Face, the organization took back control of XOF, with their eventually ordering XOF to assassinate a CIA agent for his knowledge on the parasitic outbreak, although both the CIA agent and the intended assassin both ended up extracted by Diamond Dogs, causing them to learn of XOF's continued existence despite Skull Face's death and Zero being incapacitated. Cipher later dispatched XOF to retrieve Code Talker's research materials from Lufwa Valley, with Zero Risk Security acting as a relay, although Diamond Dogs interfered with this effort. Aside from this, Cipher also was interested in having total control of the world's energy resources, with their being suspected of hiring the Private Force OE to sabotage an oil pipeline in a landlocked West Asian nation, although this ended up prevented by Diamond Dogs. Eventually, Cipher later ordered a detachment of their soldiers to head to Central Africa in order to reacquire XOF's Metal Gear, Sahelanthropus, and to eliminate its hijackers, specifically Eli and Tretij Rebenok.
The mission, however, ultimately ended in failure with numerous XOF soldiers being killed in the battle. By this time, control of the organization had been fully given over to the AI system named "the Patriots" overseen by Donald Anderson. To avoid a repeat of the Mammal Pod hacking into NORAD during the Peace Walker Incident, they bound the AI to specific rules which limited its capabilities to the filtering of information which they sought to control. The main purpose of this filtration was to ensure that the concepts driving society appeared the same to each and every person within it so any information that went against this was simply filtered out ensuring that people would come to believe what Cipher wanted them to believe. As a result, people would participate in their plan for society under the illusion of doing so of their own free will, a concept comparable to patriotism, hence this new system was named "the Patriots." Over time this also became the name of the organization itself.
Post-Phantom Pain: Big Boss's coups d'état
As time passed, the Patriots gained more and more control over the American government. During the 1990s, the Patriots, through the Pentagon, orchestrated genetic engineering tests on various United States soldiers during the Gulf War using Big Boss's genes. These experiments resulted in the Gulf War Syndrome as well as various Gulf War babies with various deformities. They covered up the activities by claiming that they were caused by exposure to depleted uranium rounds from various tanks.
During the First Liberian Civil War, the Patriots retrieved a child soldier from a relief shelter, through a non-governmental organization. Having been kidnapped by The Patriots and taken away from his commander, Solidus Snake of Les Enfants Terribles, the child was selected due to the hatred he had for himself, and his denial of what he was. The Patriots later subjected him to experiments relating to mind control and memory manipulation, and would use him to further their goals in the future.
In May 1996, the Chief of Naval Operations allegedly committed suicide, resulting in the cancellation of a classified project concerning a new type of battle ship. As a result, the funds freed up within the Pentagon's Black Budget would later be used for ArmsTech's development of a new Metal Gear.
In the mid to late 1990s, Big Boss attempted coups d'état against the Patriots, first in Outer Heaven (using his phantom), and then in Zanzibar Land. However, he was thwarted both times by Solid Snake (his clone); Zero's insurance policy having paid off. The Patriots then had Big Boss placed into a nanomachine-induced coma, to imprison both his physical body and consciousness, and preserve him as the Patriots' icon. Infuriated by this, EVA and Ocelot schemed on how to stop the Patriots. Meanwhile, Dr. Clark (Para-Medic) oversaw the gene research program which would eventually bear the Next-Generation Special Forces: genetically-enhanced soldiers, implanted with Big Boss' "soldier genes."
Entering the 21st century
By the year 2000, the AIs had became Zero's true successors. They were formless, and allotted funds to specific R&D centers and other such companies under the Patriots' control. The AIs were "a set of norms," a neural network in its simplest form, designed to decide and eventually manipulate the fate of the world.
The Patriots, laying the groundwork for the eventual activation of these AIs, particularly GW's information control capabilities, also gave the populace and government organizations a program that was allegedly supposed to counteract the Y2K bug, that was distributed to all key governmental and military computer systems using full access to the Internet, and then given to the civilian population in an OS. This program also contained a sub-program that would be activated once GW's information manipulation and control capabilities were completely installed at a later time. At some point later, JD was launched into outer space as a satellite and placed around space debris in orbit around Earth to make tracking it more difficult. As further insurance that they could not be detected, the Patriots AIs utilized the identity of the then-long deceased members of the Wisemen's Committee
By the 21st century, the Patriots had achieved immense political power, effectively controlling America as a totalitarian regime, with their influence affecting politics (including Congress), the military, and the economy. The organization would select who would serve as the President of the United States and would stage Presidential elections in order to please the American public, as well as tricking them into believing that as voters they had control over the government, that the nation was still being led according to the Constitution, and also utilized cut-outs when contacting the President with instructions. In addition, their identities were kept secret to such a degree that not even those who have codeword clearance would know about them, with even the President, while under the pretense of them being 12 members of the Wisemen's Committee, nonetheless was kept in the dark as to their supposed individual identities, as well as exactly what leadership roles they served. Via this method, they orchestrated the election of Presidents George Sears and James Johnson. They were also presumably involved in regards to the NMD Program being a success in 2000 under Solidus's command.
In 2002, DARPA Chief Donald Anderson (Sigint) was heavily bribed by ArmsTech President Kenneth Baker to back the Metal Gear REX program and fund its development covertly, in order to overcome a global trend of military downsizing. A weapon such as REX would cause an immediate rift in the global power structure. REX was capable of launching a nuclear warhead without the need for a rocket propulsion system, making it undetectable by radar, and exploiting a loophole in anti-ballistic missile treaties. It could give any country in the world a first-strike capability that other nations would find hard to counter.
In 2003, EVA and Ocelot enlisted the assistance of Naomi Hunter and Gray Fox in order to have Dr. Clark killed. Gray Fox was able to exact revenge on Clark for all the years of torment he had suffered during her gene therapy experiments. Naomi later helped to cover up the incident by claiming that she had died in a lab explosion. At an unknown point prior to February 2005, the Patriots, via the Pentagon, also orchestrated an internal undercover investigation of FOXHOUND.
- Main article: Shadow Moses Incident
In 2005, DARPA Chief Donald Anderson and ArmsTech President Kenneth Baker were both present at the nuclear disposal facility on Shadow Moses Island, which had been used to construct Metal Gear REX in secret. The aim was to conduct test experiments of Metal Gear REX's nuclear launch capabilities (firing its rail gun) in a VR environment and retrieve the test data for the Pentagon.
Acting against the Patriots, U.S. President George Sears directly instigated the Shadow Moses Incident, by having his agent Revolver Ocelot incite Liquid Snake into revolting against the U.S. government. FOXHOUND, which had been overseeing the tests, took over the island facility with the Genome Army and hijacked REX. During a torture session, Ocelot killed Donald Anderson (who was aware of Ocelot's identity) and covered it up as an accident, successfully eliminating another founding Patriot member.
The Patriots became involved in the incident through the Pentagon, with the use of the DIA's FOXDIE virus. They countered Sears's plan by using Solid Snake in an attempt to rescue Donald Anderson, also using him as a vector for FOXDIE in order to leave REX (along with the bodies of the Genome Soldiers) undamaged for retrieval. The Pentagon had also sent in Meryl Silverburgh to Shadow Moses prior to the incident, having anticipated its occurrence due to the earlier DOD undercover investigation, and used her to force Roy Campbell into cooperating in the mission, also threatening to arrange for Meryl's death and also Campbell's death should the latter try to expose any information he knew about the mission. To exert their control over the operation, the Patriots utilized Secretary of Defense Jim Houseman, who took charge of the entire operation and who gave the order for Naomi Hunter to inject FOXDIE into Solid Snake. Additionally, DIA operative Richard Ames, who had overseen the FOXDIE program, forced his ex-spouse Nastasha Romanenko into providing mission support for Snake, thus acting as the eyes and ears of the Patriots. Liquid, however, was aware of their involvement, and shortly after REX's destruction, Liquid threatened to kill them in a manner that will "make even the reaper's stomach turn" after revealing that he knew that they were listening in via Snake's Codec.
The Patriots eventually placed Houseman under arrest, after he directly interfered with the operation by ordering a bombing raid on Shadow Moses, ruining the chances for a complete cover up of the incident. The Patriots also intended for Nastasha to die at the end of the incident, but Ames relented and gave her the FOXDIE data as well as the Shadow Moses Incident data to keep the Patriots from harming her, lest she leak all the data onto the web.
While Solid Snake defeated REX and Liquid, Ocelot retrieved REX's battle data for President Sears and later leaked the data via the black market. When details of the event became public, the Patriots removed Sears from office and planned to have him killed, though he escaped by going underground with the help of Ocelot. The Patriots also secretly continued the experimentation on the imprisoned Genome Soldiers after publishing a cover story that stated that they were reassigned to Pease AFB for "training", although rumors managed to circulate about the true reason for their reassignment. Presumably, they were also responsible for a cover story for the overall events claiming that the Sons of Big Boss, referred to as a "radical right-wing group", had taken control of Shadow Moses Island in order to secure the release of incarcerated members from federal penitentiaries as well as failed to meet their demands before being wiped out by a commando unit. In addition, the Patriots also arranged for Ocelot to sell the Metal Gear REX data onto the black market so the earnings (enough money to buy a decent-sized country) could be used for them to develop a new project.
In June 2007, journalist Gary McGolden was captured by agents of the Patriots, after supposedly travelling to Shadow Moses while investigating the truth behind the 2005 incident, because of his having the disc containing sensitive information on the 2005 incident. He was interrogated within a weather station, but was subsequently rescued by an "invisible savior."
By 2007, the U.S. Marines had initiated a project to build a new type of Metal Gear, in order to counteract the increasing number of Metal Gear derivatives being built after its specifications were leaked onto the black market. This new Metal Gear was Metal Gear RAY, though its development did not fall in line with the Patriots' plans, and the organization decided to reclaim RAY for their own. In addition, Philanthropy not only uncovered further evidence of their existence, but also evidence that they were involved in the creation of the United States Navy's version of Metal Gear.
In August 2007, the Patriots decided to eliminate the threats posed by both RAY's development and the anti-Metal Gear activities of the NGO Philanthropy. Information on RAY's development was leaked to Philanthropy in order to lure out Hal Emmerich and Solid Snake, the latter of whom had become a hero in the wake of Shadow Moses. While Snake infiltrated the dummy oil tanker on which RAY was being transported, the Patriots monitored their Codec communication channels, though this was later discovered by Otacon. Patriot agent Revolver Ocelot took over the tanker with the help of Sergei Gurlukovich and his mercenary army, but he later betrayed them, sank the ship, and stole the RAY prototype (though he claimed to be "taking it back"), framing Snake and Otacon in the process. For the Patriots, the incident was a success. The Patriots immediately sent a loaded oil tanker to the same location and sank it. This necessitated the construction of the offshore cleanup facility, the Big Shell, which was used to disguise the development of Arsenal Gear.
Arsenal Gear was the Patriots' tool for securing power over the United States and in the world. The Patriots hoped to use Arsenal as a way of shaping the "truth" to fit their agenda. Arsenal Gear served the sole purpose of housing GW, one of their proxy-AIs designed to censor and delete unwanted information that could loosen their grip on the United States. For instance, GW controlled information through the media, television and mainly the free flow of data from the Internet. This was a means to completely censor any data detrimental to the Patriots' rule. This is a method of memetic eugenics, in which memes were artificially selected for or against by GW. Emma Emmerich was the main engineer to the programming for GW.
After the Tanker Incident, the Patriots had also staged terrorist attacks, that would later be attributed to SEALs anti-terrorist squad Dead Cell, killing many of their own allies and civilians alike. This was namely done to have Dead Cell go renegade. In late 2008, the Patriots led an extermination campaign against Dead Cell that eliminated two members (Chinaman and Old Boy) while three members (Fortune, Fatman, and Vamp) survived, as part of the Patriots' master plan. They also manipulated the U.S. President, James Johnson, into defecting to Solidus Snake's Sons of Liberty terrorist group by feeding and denying his ambitions to become a full member of the Patriots, instead of a mere pawn for him to fill in the role of President Baker during the Shadow Moses Incident. At some point during this time, they also injected one of their agents with life-monitoring nanomachines that would take away the injected person's life if one of their pawns failed in a mission, to give Raiden additional leverage later on. They also recruited Fatman to become a plant to test Raiden's progress, although they weren't able to convince him easily, eventually necessitating the arrangement for Peter Stillman to be coaxed out of retirement as a way of getting Fatman to agree to their demands, as he wanted to murder his former mentor.
In April 2009, the Patriots staged their plan by manipulating the information that surrounded the Big Shell Incident. Their agent Raiden was sent in to test the exercise and forced Olga Gurlukovich (by holding her child hostage) to assist him. Eventually, Rosemary, Raiden's girlfriend, admitted to her stance as a Patriot agent. She also admitted to Raiden that while she was keeping tabs on him for the Patriots, she legitimately fell in love with him and that she was pregnant. She was eventually removed from the mission and used as leverage against Raiden later on after she admitted this.
After GW was infected with Emma's worm cluster, Liquid Ocelot had Arsenal Gear crash into Manhattan in order to recover GW, killing many civilians and destroying national landmarks in the process. The master AI, while using the AI posing as Colonel Campbell as well as an AI posing as Rose, then contacted Raiden and, after hinting that there were more AIs than just GW, revealed to Raiden that the Patriots were formed as a sort of "non-corporeal consciousness" over the course of many years in the White House, comparing it to the formation and evolution of humanity itself. Using the data they collected from this exercise, their AIs (such as GW) would be improved even more. They also explained that they intended to control humanity via the manipulation of information (or in its words, giving it context), as well as revealing that they actually lied to Ocelot in regards to the actual details of their plan, codenamed the S3 Plan, or at the very least telling him a half truth. The S3 Plan did not stand for "Solid Snake Simulation" but "Selection for Societal Sanity", which acted as an experiment for them to see if they could indeed manipulate humanity's personalities and memories. After explaining their plans as well as the reason why they chose Raiden, the master AI then told Raiden to kill the Patriot defecter Solidus Snake. Raiden refused, deciding that he had enough of being told what to do by the Patriots. Unfortunately, the master AI had already anticipated this action, and reminded him that Olga's child was linked up as well as revealing that Rose was linked the same way, threatening to kill Olga's child, Rose, and their unborn child if he either failed or outright refused to participate. While goading Raiden to deliver the finishing blow, the master AI also hinted that the Patriots only viewed soldiers and humanity as tools and machines to be discarded after their usefulness had been expended. After Solidus was defeated, Snake told Raiden to find himself before joining Philanthropy, suspecting that the Patriots were most likely going to continue using Olga's child and presumably Rose as leverage against him.
After the Big Shell Incident, Philanthropy "traced" the Patriots using information retrieved from Arsenal Gear, but discovered that all twelve members of the Patriots had been dead for at least a hundred years (as early as the 1900s), and that "one of them was [Philanthropy's] biggest contributor." Snake deduced that the information retrieved from the Arsenal Gear was false; it was only a fake lead orchestrated by the Patriots. The names they discovered were most likely the names of the original Wisemen's Committee that founded the Philosophers.
The war economy
Originally, Zero had commissioned the creation of the Patriot AIs because he had become skeptical that his human subordinates would be able to successfully carry out his will. However the synthetic nature of the system meant that it was necessary for the instructions provided by it to be carried out by humans and when Zero's will was put into the hands of others it began to decay over time and deviate completely from what it once was. At an unknown point in the proxy-AIs also underwent a mutation that gave them a will of their own and enabled them to decide on a better way to accomplish their goals: war. They created the war economy and started a battlefield revolution similar to the industrial and digital revolutions that was described as "a new world without ideology, principles, or ideals, not even the thing [The Boss] treasured the most: loyalty. It was a colossal error in judgment – one Zero couldn't possibly have foreseen." To control the flow of information, they would control the economy, by influencing the outcome of these wars through the Sons of the Patriots system which would also allow them to control individual people. The Patriots planned to extend their control down to the civilian level, actively controlling and censoring people through nanomachines, such as the nickname "La-li-lu-le-lo." In this case, members of "the system" were under the Patriots' direct influence could not even mention the name "the Patriots" and were forced by their nanomachines to say the codename.
Besides expanding the war economy, the Patriots also redid their cyborg ninja experiments. Raiden was captured during his mission for the Paradise Lost Army to retrieve Big Boss's body, and ended up being placed in a cyborg ninja body after removing his skull from the upper jaw down and his spine from his body, a process that nearly killed him before he was rescued by Paradise Lost and resuscitated by Dr. Drago Pettrovich Madnar in Eastern Europe. Besides Raiden, they also conducted cyborg-related experiments on at least 30 other individuals, although it is not known whether they went as far as to remove the soldiers from the top portion of the skull down to do so, it is known that part of the experiments entailed replacing at the very least their left forearms with a cybernetic limb that was equipped with some of their data, including research regarding a perpetual energy source.
In 2014, Liquid Ocelot brought the five biggest private military companies to his control under a single mother company called Outer Heaven. The five companies together rivaled that of the U.S. military in firepower, and Liquid was preparing to unleash his insurrection and hijack the SOP system from the Patriots (now fully controlled by JD). To counter Liquid's plans, the Patriots managed to trick and manipulate Meryl Silverburgh and her group (similar to how they tricked Raiden in 2009) and enlisted Drebin 893 (who, unlike the others, knew of his stance as a Patriot agent) to assist Old Snake and Otacon in their mission to terminate Liquid Ocelot. However, the Patriots did not foresee that Snake and Otacon would destroy the Patriots themselves in the process thanks to the true nature of Liquid Ocelot's plan. The Patriots had Drebin inject an unassuming Snake with a new FOXDIE virus to kill the rival Patriot faction: Liquid Ocelot, should Snake fail to kill Liquid himself, Big Mama (a.k.a. EVA) if Snake crossed paths with her, and Big Boss, should he ever awake from his coma and meet up with Snake.
The Patriots were ultimately destroyed by the FOXALIVE virus (an opposite to the FOXDIE virus) created by Naomi Hunter and Sunny, who borrowed some code from the original virus created by Emma Emmerich to destroy GW, which would infect and terminate JD and the other AIs (TJ, TR, and AL) which ran the Patriots, ending them forever. However, Sunny managed to pick and choose parts of society vital to the survival of modern civilization, preventing the "world chaos" Liquid Ocelot predicted in his victory speech.
With the Patriots' AIs destroyed and Liquid Ocelot defeated by Snake, there was one more threat that needed to be eliminated: Zero, the man who started the entire fiasco and the main founder of the Patriots. Shortly after JD had been effectively destroyed, Big Boss awoke from his coma and found the location of Zero's stronghold. After arriving there, he discovered Zero was a mere shadow of his former self: a man, whose advanced years had put him in a vegetative-like state and who was kept alive solely by machines. Big Boss then wheeled him over to Arlington Cemetery, and after explaining to Snake (his eldest son) about the full story of what happened in regards to the Patriots, Big Boss euthanized Zero by cutting off his oxygen supply. Shortly thereafter, Big Boss died from the effects of the new FOXDIE virus within Snake, thus ending the Patriots for good. However, although the Patriots were defunct, Drebin implied that their closest successors might be the United Nations and that the oppressive cycle would continue.
Post-Guns of the Patriots
|Warning: The following information is from outside Hideo Kojima's core "Metal Gear Saga." Its canonicity within the continuity is disputed, therefore reader discretion is advised.[?]
After the fall of the Patriots, more people, including Courtney Collins and Kevin Washington, managed to find out about the Patriots' existence, as well as their ties in SOP being removed, although it was still in the minority. Even those who did know about the Patriots did not often state their existence publicly, largely because it would either result in them being denounced by the public as "crackpots", or in the off chance that they did believe them, it would have resulted in there being a massive global panic. Speculation on the Patriots did persist to some extent on the Internet, with some being very close to the truth, although they were dismissed by the mainstream as being "just another conspiracy theory." When Courtney was briefed on the Patriots existence by Kevin during the former's orientation into Maverick, she initially thought he was trying to pull a "BS-detecting test" on her, although she quickly figured out otherwise.
In addition, thanks in part to FOXALIVE, all the information the Patriots had covered up became exposed, including cyborg development techniques, which resulted in a surplus of cyborg development. They would later leave their mark on the world, as the PMCs the Patriots once tightly controlled start to break up into different factions and began running autonomous operations against each other, becoming obstacles in achieving unilateral world peace. In addition, their legacy regarding cyborgs also persisted in 30 former test subjects (not counting Raiden), which had joined the PMCs Desperado and World Marshal. Raiden later encountered them and extracted their left arms, with which he had Doktor analyze them. Doktor, when analyzing data from the arms that included development for a perpetual motion device, also speculated that the Patriots' research on a perpetual energy source had been very close to successfully completed before they were destroyed.
Besides leaving their mark in the war economy, they also left their mark in other areas. An especially notable example was censorship and the mainstream media, to the extent that even after the Patriots' death, the mainstream media still chose to not report on things that did not fit the narrative, as the United States government still found it to be too useful to simply get rid of it. The Patriots' involvement in the creation of the War Economy was also indirectly alluded to by Desperado member Sundowner, where he mockingly asked Raiden when confronting him at World Marshal's HQ building's server room if he believed that all historical battles were caused by a conspiracy, also citing that the Patriots merely maintained and fueled the war economy, not actually creating it.
|Non-"Metal Gear Saga" information ends here.
The Patriots were named after the colonial American Patriots, a group of colonists of the British Thirteen United Colonies, who rebelled against British Empire's control during the American Revolution. It was their leading figures who, in July 1776, declared the United States of America an independent nation.
"Cipher" was the name the Patriots had assumed in its early years during the Peace Walker Incident. The word Cipher in medieval times meant "zero", derived from the Arabic word ṣifr; also means "empty." In cryptography, a cipher is an algorithm for performing encryption or decryption — a series of well-defined steps that can be followed as a procedure; mirror the nature of the Patriots (an encrypted and hidden organization) and, later, of the proxy-AI (a series of norms and procedures).
The names of the AIs (aside from JD, the core AI) were the initials of the four American Presidents whose likenesses appear on Mt. Rushmore: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln. They shared these names with the AI pods of the 1970s Peace Walker project, which were the idea of CIA Station Chief Hot Coldman.
"La Li Lu Le Lo" was a term automatically substituted for "Patriots." Government and military officials and others under the Patriots' direct control were manipulated by nanomachines inside their bodies so that whenever they tried to say the word "Patriots," their mouths would actually form the words "La Li Lu Le Lo" to keep the information secret. However, it is also thought that the term is simply trained into their operatives, as known Patriot affiliates under their control such as James Johnson, Revolver Ocelot, and Drebin 893 can talk freely of the Patriots. The phrase was previously used as a password answer during Operation Snake Eater, when Major Zero directed Naked Snake to ask "Who are the Patriots?", in order to identify their KGB contact ADAM.
- David Oh (Zero; leader)
- Adamska (Ocelot; informant)
- John (Big Boss; icon)
- Donald Anderson (Sigint; technician, leader of Cipher after Zero's incapacitation and Skull Face's death)
- Dr. Clark (Para-Medic; scientist)
- EVA (spy)
- The Patriots' AIs
- Revolver Ocelot (triple agent)
- Raiden (unknowingly)
- Solidus Snake (a.k.a. George Sears; pre-2005)
- Solid Snake (unknowingly; pre-2007)
- Jim Houseman
- Richard Ames
- James Johnson (pre-2009)
- Olga Gurlukovich (forced due to her child being captive)
- Drebin 893
- Meryl Silverburgh and Rat Patrol Team 01 (unknowingly)
- Pacifica Ocean (triple agent)
- Kazuhira Miller (business associate; 1974)
- Skull Face (leader of XOF, Cipher's strike force; Zero's executive officer, leader of Cipher after successful mutiny)
- Quiet (assassin; 1984)
Behind the scenes
The English "L" sound (as in leaf or mild) does not exist in the Japanese phonetic alphabet, making "La li lu le lo" an impossible utterance in Japanese. Instead, the Japanese have a sound that can be either L-like or R-like depending on its location in a word, with the English "L" being somewhat unattainable. The phrase would thus be spoken as "Ra ri ru re ro" (らりるれろ). The idea is that the Patriots change their name to be a phrase that cannot be spoken or written down. However, since English does have the "L", this concept could not be translated. This idea is also subtly referred to when Emma explains the Patriots' attempts at censorship to Raiden and how GW ties in to it, when she mentions that the twenty-six letter alphabet could have originally been thirty and that they removed a few letters.
When the Patriots contact Raiden late into the mission and explain their motives, there was originally going to be a demo playing showing the ascent of the Arsenal Gear when the AI explains that they were formed in the White House since America's beginnings, as well as have a sample of The Star Spangled Banner play between his statement that they were sheltered under the American flag and his claim that they are formless. These elements were cut in the final version, alongside the reference to the American flag, presumably because of the 9/11 attacks. The cut can easily be gleaned with a noticeable audio pause between Colonel's "a base of evolution" and "we are formless."
While explaining to Raiden their origins, the Patriots refer to their connection to America in an intimate manner, indicating that they are inseparable. This description was similar to the Japanese philosophical concept of kokutai (国体?), or civic soul, which is derived from the mytho-political past of Japan, in which the Japanese emperor is held to be a direct genetic descendant of the sun goddess Amaretsu. This living presence of the soul of a nation has no precise analogue in Western culture, the closest match in American political language being "patriotic spirit."
According to Hideo Kojima's commentary for Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, the Patriots were conceptualized during his establishment of the character setting for Solidus, in order to not make Solidus the absolute bad guy. Likewise, in the Grand Game Plan, Kojima stated that he intended the Patriots to be the absolute bad guy, basing it on a common thread of Hollywood films to make absolute bad guys depending on the times (e.g., Native Americans for Westerns, Germany and Japan for post World War II era war films, Russians for Cold War era spy films, Chinese for post Cold War films, terrorists in films made in the 1990s, etc.). In addition, the post-credits scene revealed that despite setting Philanthropy up to be framed during the Tanker Incident, they were also in part responsible for providing them with the funding to create the organization via at least one of the names of the 12 Wisemen's Committee that Otacon discovered. The game never directly reveals their motives, but a published version of the Japanese script for the game revealed that it was because the Patriots intended to run an experiment to see whether or not Philanthropy could in fact defeat them.
In the Snake Tales story External Gazer, Snake is briefly stuck in a parallel universe and believes that he is Raiden. He and Rose keep getting interrupted while trying to enjoy each other's company. At one point, the "La-li-lu-le-lo" shows up (appearing like the Colonel) on their television set, randomly talking about how to keep toilets clean. They are then joined by two alternate versions, called the "Ta-ti-to-te-to" and "I-ro-ha-ni-ho-he-to", which also give advice. The last version's name refers to Iroha, an old-fashioned hiragana ordering system (the more prevalent ordering is called gojūon). "I ro ha ni ho he to" is the first of seven lines in an Iroha poem that contains each character of the hiragana exactly once, much like the English ABCs song.
According to Kojima, the developers considered using the word "Patoriotto" (パトリオット) as the ask/answer code for Snake to identify ADAM with in Rassvet. However, in order to form a word tie with the Patriots ("aikokushyatachi") in Metal Gear Solid 2, they decided to use the word "aikokushya" (愛国者) instead.  However, Kojima also said that there was no relation between the term and the organization in Metal Gear Solid 2.
The ending of Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater originally implied that the Patriots were formed from the then-current leadership of the American Philosophers, after obtaining the Legacy and using it to restore their lost power and influence. However, the American Philosophers' role changed with Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops, in which Zero and Ocelot take the Legacy for themselves and bring about the end of the organization, in order to establish the Patriots in its place.
In Super Smash Bros. Brawl, Snake can contact Colonel Campbell while fighting Luigi, who will make several disparaging remarks towards Snake's opponent. When Snake questions the Colonel's behavior, he begins repeating the phrase "La li lu le lo," implying that he may actually be a Patriot AI. His repeating the phrase was itself a reference to one of the random calls by the Colonel after he starts being affected by Emma's worm cluster.
Although the Patriots do not appear in Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance due to it taking place after their shutdown in Metal Gear Solid 4, their impact as well as the organization itself are frequently referenced. In addition, thirty enemies which act as collectibles due to their left arms are mentioned by Doktor to contain data directly relating to the Patriots. This also creates the implication that the data found in Raiden's arm (specifically, the blueprints for Mastiff, Blade Wolf, and a modified RAY unit) had originally been Patriot-developed prior to their shutdown. In addition, five cyborgs, known as the Men In Boxes, are also mentioned to have originated from Area 51, although it is not made clear whether the Patriots were responsible for their existence (as they had owned Area 51 prior to their shutdown).
The group also appeared on the Versus Battle on the series official site, where they fought Philanthropy.
The Most Powerful Organization in the World
Corruption Can Consume All
Also known as Cipher, & La-li-lu-le-lo to their nano-controlled subjects, the Patriots were founded by Zero, Ocelot, Big Boss, Sigint, Para-Medic, & EVA
METAL GEAR SOLID: THE LEGACY COLLECTION"
- ―The Patriots in Versus Battle
The Patriots' AI system, or rather, the four regular AIs and their namesake of Mt. Rushmore, were later referenced as the third and final MG America Fact on the official Metal Gear Twitter page, with pictures including GW as it appeared in MGS4 and the actual Mt. Rushmore.
- ^ Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2004).
Ending timeline: 1970 — The United States accumulates the remainder of the Legacy. The U.S. branch of "Philosophers" changes its name to the "Patriots".
- ^ Metal Gear Solid, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (1998).
Solid Snake: "I thought international law banned the military use of genetic therapy." // Naomi Hunter: "Yes, but those are just declarations, not actual treaties."
- ^ Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker, Kojima Productions (2010).
Pacifica Ocean: The Cold War Order is about to collapse. The age of electronic intelligence is about to begin. The NSA, CSS, NRO, DIA, et cetera, et cetera... The intelligence community that has long bickered amongst itself will be united in a world governed by electrons.
- ^ Metal Gear Solid V: Ground Zeroes, Kojima Productions (2014).
Kazuhira Miller: This is the target. The military hasn't retrieved the information themselves, probably because they no longer know who in the Marines they can trust. This 'subversion' appears to extend all the way to the base's higher-ups, and the source of it? The organization Paz spoke of - Cipher. You can bet on it. They're involved with the creation of that black site... And that is why the Pentagon chose us. We're their bait to catch Cipher. Which means it also becomes a golden opportunity for us. We might actually get an up close and personal look at the bastards.
- ^ Metal Gear Solid V: Ground Zeroes, Kojima Productions (2014).
Prisoner 12282: Boss… I never expected you would come… This place is full of “enemy combatants” renditioned from all over the world. But I couldn’t believe how many groups were asking the questions. They gotta have some kind of secret agreement. At a guess, I’d say there were MI6, BND, ISI… I even heard one guy speaking Russian. Yeah, they’re making deals with the East too. Local agencies will snatch dissidents who’ve defected to the West and then send ‘em back across the Iron Curtain… after a stopover here. They’re dealing in “leverage” on foreign administrations. Backdoor money. Scandals. Financial fraud. By sharing information that governments want to sweep under the rug, they gain leniency for their agencies. They’re trying to create some kind of HUMINT network without borders. Sorry, that’s all I know.
- ^ Key Dispatch Mission 15: Defend the Oil Pipeline:
"Request from a landlocked West Asian nation. OE squads have been conducting a campaign of sabotage attacks against the nation's almost-complete natural gas pipeline. The Intel Team suspects they are being backed by Cipher, as a means to maintain a grip on the world's energy distribution. Defend the pipeline, and fight off attacking OE units."
- ^ a b Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty (script), Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2001)
Raiden: But you’re the President –- you have power... // President: No. I’m just a figurehead. // Raiden: ? // President: I don’t have any control. The real power is in the Patriots’ hands. // Raiden: The Patriots...? // President: The truth behind this country... // To President 3 movie demo 1 // P049_03_M01 The President 3 movie demo 1 (White House, etc.) Actual footage // Actual footage... White House / Pentagon aerial shots etc. // President: I’m not surprised you’ve never heard of them. Very few are aware of their existence, even among those with codeword clearance. // Raiden: ? // President: Politics, the military, the economy – they control it all. They even choose who becomes President. // President: Putting it simply, the Patriots rule this country. // Raiden: No... (unbelievable! Is this guy okay?) // Actual footage... The American flag. // President: (self-depreciatingly) Hm. Hard to believe, isn’t it? But it’s the truth. // President: The Space Defense, income tax reduction and the National Missile Defense (NMD) programs -– every policy that’s been credited to me was actually done according to their instructions. // Raiden: Space Defense was initiated by Congress... // President: That’s what the Patriots want to the country to believe... // President: It’s all a show. ‘Democracy’ is just a filler for textbooks! // President: Think about it! Do you actually believe that public opinion influences // Raiden: ...No. // President: This country is shaped and controlled as the Patriots see fit. The people are shown what they want to believe. What you call government is actually a well-staged production aimed at satisfying the public! // Raiden: ... // President: Don’t look at me like that –- I’m legally sane, you know. // Raiden: It’s not your sanity that worries me...
- ^ a b Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2001).
James Johnson: The Patriots -– even I don’t know who the actual members are. Are they financial, political, or military leaders? No one knows who the Patriots really are. Even my instructions come from a cut-out. All I’ve been told is that every key decision is made by a group of twelve men known as the Wiseman’s Committee.
- '^ Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, Konami Computer Entertainment, Japan (2001).
The New York Mirror review of In the Darkness of Shadow Moses: The Unofficial Truth, page 3 of 11
"Official history states that the takeover of a nuclear weapons disposal facility on a lonely outpost of the Fox Islands, Alaska [Shadow Moses Island] was the work of a radical right-wing group [Sons of Big Boss]. Their demands for the release of group members incarcerated in federal penitentiaries were never met, and the incident was speedily resolved by the successful deployment of a commando unit."
- ^ a b Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2001).
Otacon explains this in an optional Codec conversation during the Tanker Incident in 2007.
- ^ Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2001).
Otacon: Photos of Snake -- taken by the Cypher -- were released to the public. In turn, we became the world's most wanted environmental terrorists... It was definitely a move aimed at putting a stop to our anti-Metal Gear activities.
Raiden: But why did they choose Snake?
Otacon: Since the Shadow Moses incident, Snake became sort of a hero. I think the Patriots weren't too happy about that.
Raiden: You knew about the Patriots!?
Otacon: Well yes... to a certain degree.
Raiden: It seems like everyone knows about them except me.
Otacon: They didn't choose Snake to be a hero...
Raiden: So they decided to do a smear campaign.
Otacon: I think the Patriots wanted to make an example of him so everybody would think twice before opposing them.
Raiden: That's it! They set all this up just to nail you guys?
- ^ When Ocelot encountered Scott Dolph in the cargo hold that RAY was being held, Ocelot denied Dolph's claim of stealing it and stated that he was actually trying to "take it back." Ocelot later elaborates when unveiling his true colors that he intended to return it to the Patriots.
- ^ Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2001).
Vamp: Six months ago, we lost everything we believed in... We were abandoned to take the fall in their cover up. We were labeled as killers responsible for the mass-murder of civilians as well as our own allies. And the "public" believed every word, turning a deaf ear to whatever we had to say to the contrary. Our only goal is to wipe them from the face of the earth -- and destroy this world of deceit they have created along with them.
Raiden: You're insane.
Vamp: Insane? We might be the only ones telling the truth...
- ^ Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2001).
Colonel: Ocelot was not told the whole truth, to say the least. // Rose (AI): We rule an entire nation -– of what interest would a single soldier, no matter how able, be to us? // Colonel: The S3 plan does not stand for Solid Snake Simulation. What is does stand for is Selection for Societal Sanity...
- ^ Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2001).
Colonel: Raiden, you have to beat [Solidus Snake]! This is your last duty! // Raiden: We're not just pawns in some simulation game, you know! // Rosemary: Yes, you are. You're nothing but mere weapons. No different from fighter jets or tanks. // Raiden: What the -- // Colonel: The old model destroyed four years ago was "REX"... // Rose: The new amphibious model is "RAY"... // Colonel: Both of these are the same as the code names used by the U.S. Armed Forces to refer to Japanese war planes during World War II. // Rose: Your code name "Raiden" too, comes from the Japanese navy's name for one of its interceptors... // Raiden: Stop it! I'm not a weapon!! // Rose: Oh really? Do you know the code name the U.S. Armed Forces used for the Japanese fighter "Raiden"? // Colonel: It was "Jack". Both of you are just weapons to be used and thrown away. // Rose: Just weapons to be used on the battlefield. Just pawns in a game -- exactly as you said. // Colonel: And a weapon has no right to think for itself! Now, it's time to fulfill your purpose! Defeat [Solidus Snake]!
- ^ Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots, Kojima Productions (2008).
Drebin: The White House might've lost its taste for unilateralism... Started to rebuild. But there's a lot of failed states out there that went bankrupt from their PMC habits... And they owe a shit load of money. Now only question is... Who's gonna pick up the tab? I'm sure these new governments will try and keep it under control with PMC corporate reform laws... But it ain't gonna be good enough. They're all sunk up to their eyeballs in the war economy. Might not be a New World Order... But the old order under the war economy's gone for good. I'm guessin' the UN is gonna be more important than ever, what with multilateralism and all. A certain President said it best back during the Cold War... For in the development of this organization rests the only true alternative to war. Then again, the UN itself's just an old 20th-century relic. And if you think about it... When you look at its history... It ain't that different from the Patriots. // Otacon: That's right... The nanomachines used to keep you sober. // Drebin: Crush. Mix. Burn. Repeat.
- ^ Metal Gear Rising: Revengeance (TGS Story Trailer), Kojima Productions/Platinum Games (2012).
Sundowner: We're [Desperado] just suppliers... We don't create the market for war... Did you think that every battle in history was all part of some big ol' conspiracy?
- ^ Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty (script), Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2001)
Colonel: Over the past two hundred years -- A kind of consciousness formed layer by layer in the crucible of the White House. // (To AG Ascent 21 Codec demo 2) // (P080_21_R02 AG Ascent Codec demo 2 (Colonel, continued) Codec screen) // Colonel: It’s not unlike the way like started in the oceans four billion years ago. The White House was our primordial soup, a base of evolution. Under the protection of the flag... (“The Star-Spangled Banner” starts up.) // Colonel: We (The Patriots) are formless... We are the very discipline and morality that Americans invoke so often. How can anyone hope to eliminate us? As long as this nation exists, so will we.
- ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20060407121720/http://www.adilegian.com/patriotslegacy.htm
- ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20060407121720/http://www.adilegian.com/PDF/brownlee.pdf
- ^ http://www.tentenpro.com/muni_shinobu/mgs2/commentary3.html
- ^ Metal Gear Solid 2 Grand Game Plan
- ^ https://twitter.com/HEITAIs/status/1392466581116964864
- ^ Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty (script; Japanese), Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (2001)
オタコン「その中には 『フィランソロピー』の出資者の名前もあった……」 『愛国者達』はスネーク達を使って自分達が淘汰されるべきかどうかの実験をしていた、ということだが説明しない。 // スネーク「どういうことだ？」(Translation: Otacon: "Among them was the name of the investor of "Philanthropy"..." The Patriots used Snake to experiment with whether they should be culled, but they don't explain. // [Solid] Snake: "What do you mean?"
- ^ http://www.tentenpro.com/muni_shinobu/mgs3/commentary2.html
- ^ http://www.tentenpro.com/muni_shinobu/mgs3/commentary7.html
- ^ https://twitter.com/metalgear_en/status/750048563392946176